1. Spot dyeing: One is to point out the pen dyeing Han, that is, painting. Yan Zhitui of the Northern Qi Dynasty wrote "Yan's Family Instructions and Miscellaneous Arts": "Prince Wu Li can portray himself, sit on guests and spot dyeing at will, that is, a number of people, to ask the boy, all know his name." One is that painters decorate scenery and dye colors in their paintings. The dot dye here belongs to the latter. That is to say, a technique used by painters in painting: first dip some lighter colors with brushes (or even just some water), then dip some dark colors on the tip of the pen, and then rub them out on paper. People call this technique "dot dyeing". In this way, the result will be a natural change of light and shade in a stroke. If drawing petals, first dip in pink with a pen, then dip some magenta with the tip of the pen. The petals are bright and tender from thick to light.
2. Cover dyeing: Chinese painting, when coloring, first lay the bottom, then cover the color, this method is called cover dyeing. Usually, the background color is first laid with rendering method, and the color should be thicker and heavier, which can be added layer by layer. From deep to light, we should show its light and shade and level. Then according to the needs of flat painting once or twice, the color should be light. The selection of background color and cover color should be based on the characteristics of the object itself. The purpose is to make the two complement each other and produce thick, distinct, complex and rich color effect. This dyeing method is far more pure and bright than the new color produced by mixing two colors. If you use anthocyanine to lay the bottom, you can use emerald; if you use grass-green to lay the bottom, you can cover it with emerald; if you use ink to paint landscapes, you can cover it with anthocyanine and ochre.
3. Contact dyeing: In the process of dyeing Chinese paintings, when one color is dyed, another color is dyed while wet, so that the two colors infiltrate into each other at the junction, this method is called contour dyeing. This method is suitable for dealing with the same face, including several different colors, especially bright, thick and halo images, such as flowers, dresses and so on, which are characterized by labor-saving, lively effect and a sense of activity. One color, preferably one-time dyeing. The color of this method should be the same or similar. If the leaves of wild goose come red, their color changes from purple to red, and from red to yellow, the method of dyeing can be adopted, that is, first dyeing the part of purple, then dyeing the part of red, and then dyeing the part of yellow. When dyeing, we should use a dry clear-water pen, first vertical and then horizontal, so that no brush marks can be seen at the junction part, and the color halo is more uniform.
4. Setting dyeing: Setting dyeing is a technique of Chinese painting. In painting, mainly in freehand flower and bird color painting, will be different colors, divided successively stop diffusing, that is, when the first color dyed, to be dry, then dyed another color, so gradually dyed, so called set dyeing. When set dyeing, we must diverge according to the direction of the previous dyeing, and from strong to light, from small to large area, dyeing the image of the plane sense. The result of interdyeing can be obtained by matching several colors, such as indigo and sophora flower can be interdyed into official green or oily green, indigo and yellow millet can be interdyed into blue, indigo and reed, bayberry bark can be interdyed into black and so on.
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