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我国绘画色彩的染法包括哪些你清楚吗?

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2019-08-06 15:25:44    

1、点染:一是指点笔染翰,即绘画,北齐颜之推《颜氏家训杂艺》:“武烈太子偏能写真,坐上宾客,随意点染,即成数人,以问童子,皆知姓名矣。”一是指画家在绘画中装点景物,谊染颜色。这里的点染当属后者。即是讲画家在绘画时采用的一种技法:先用毛笔蘸好一些较为淡些的颜色(以至仅蘸些清水),然后再在笔尖上蘸些深色,然后在纸上一笔点拓而成。人们就称这种技法叫“点染”。这样点染,其结果是一笔中就会呈现明暗浓淡的自然变化。如绘花瓣,先用笔蘸上粉色,再用笔尖蘸些洋红,点出的花瓣由浓到淡,鲜嫩如生。
1. Spot dyeing: One is to point out the pen dyeing Han, that is, painting. Yan Zhitui of the Northern Qi Dynasty wrote "Yan's Family Instructions and Miscellaneous Arts": "Prince Wu Li can portray himself, sit on guests and spot dyeing at will, that is, a number of people, to ask the boy, all know his name." One is that painters decorate scenery and dye colors in their paintings. The dot dye here belongs to the latter. That is to say, a technique used by painters in painting: first dip some lighter colors with brushes (or even just some water), then dip some dark colors on the tip of the pen, and then rub them out on paper. People call this technique "dot dyeing". In this way, the result will be a natural change of light and shade in a stroke. If drawing petals, first dip in pink with a pen, then dip some magenta with the tip of the pen. The petals are bright and tender from thick to light.
2、罩染:中国绘画,在着色时,先铺底,后罩色,这种办法就叫罩染。普通是先用渲染法铺上底色,颜色应厚重一些,能够层层复加。由深到淡,要表现出其明暗、层次。再依据需求再平涂一二次翠色,颜色要淡薄。底色和罩色的选择要依据所绘物体自身的特性,目的是使二者相得益彰,产生厚重、鲜明、复杂、丰厚的颜色效果。这种染法远比用两种颜色加以调和后所产生的新色要纯洁亮堂得多。如用花青铺底,可翠以石青;用草绿铺底,可罩以石绿;画山水用水墨皴染,可罩染花青和赭石等。
2. Cover dyeing: Chinese painting, when coloring, first lay the bottom, then cover the color, this method is called cover dyeing. Usually, the background color is first laid with rendering method, and the color should be thicker and heavier, which can be added layer by layer. From deep to light, we should show its light and shade and level. Then according to the needs of flat painting once or twice, the color should be light. The selection of background color and cover color should be based on the characteristics of the object itself. The purpose is to make the two complement each other and produce thick, distinct, complex and rich color effect. This dyeing method is far more pure and bright than the new color produced by mixing two colors. If you use anthocyanine to lay the bottom, you can use emerald; if you use grass-green to lay the bottom, you can cover it with emerald; if you use ink to paint landscapes, you can cover it with anthocyanine and ochre.
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3、接染:中国画在染色过程中,当染完一种颜色,趁湿接着染另外一种颜色,使两种颜色在衔接的部位互相渗接在一同,这种办法就叫接染。这种办法合适处置在同一面子中包括有几种不同颜色的状况,特别是色泽比拟鲜艳、厚致又晕色的物象,如花卉、衣裙等等,特性是省力、效果活,有活动感。一种颜色,是一次性染完。又采用这种办法的颜色,多应同类色或相似色。如雁来红的叶子,其颜色是由紫变红,又由红变黄,便可采接染的办法,即先染紫的局部,接着染红的局部,再染黄的局部。染时要用偏干的清水笔,先竖后横,使衔接部位不露笔痕,色晕较匀和。
3. Contact dyeing: In the process of dyeing Chinese paintings, when one color is dyed, another color is dyed while wet, so that the two colors infiltrate into each other at the junction, this method is called contour dyeing. This method is suitable for dealing with the same face, including several different colors, especially bright, thick and halo images, such as flowers, dresses and so on, which are characterized by labor-saving, lively effect and a sense of activity. One color, preferably one-time dyeing. The color of this method should be the same or similar. If the leaves of wild goose come red, their color changes from purple to red, and from red to yellow, the method of dyeing can be adopted, that is, first dyeing the part of purple, then dyeing the part of red, and then dyeing the part of yellow. When dyeing, we should use a dry clear-water pen, first vertical and then horizontal, so that no brush marks can be seen at the junction part, and the color halo is more uniform.
4、套染:套染是中国绘画的一种技法。在绘画时,主要是在绘写意花鸟设色画时,将不同的颜色,分先后停止漫染,也就是当种颜色染完,待干后,再染另一种颜色,这样逐渐加染,所以称为套染。套染时,一定要按前次染时方向分歧,并由浓到淡,由面积小到面积大,染出物象的平面感来。套染的结果,能够得到由所染的几种颜色彩配而成的颜色,如用靛蓝与槐花可套染成官绿或油绿;靛蓝与黄粟套染可得到青色;靛蓝与芦木、杨梅树皮可套染成玄色等等。
4. Setting dyeing: Setting dyeing is a technique of Chinese painting. In painting, mainly in freehand flower and bird color painting, will be different colors, divided successively stop diffusing, that is, when the first color dyed, to be dry, then dyed another color, so gradually dyed, so called set dyeing. When set dyeing, we must diverge according to the direction of the previous dyeing, and from strong to light, from small to large area, dyeing the image of the plane sense. The result of interdyeing can be obtained by matching several colors, such as indigo and sophora flower can be interdyed into official green or oily green, indigo and yellow millet can be interdyed into blue, indigo and reed, bayberry bark can be interdyed into black and so on.
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