"Calligraphy and painting heart" is a professional language of calligraphy and painting mounting, which refers to the painting and calligraphy works without mounting. No matter the calligraphers and painters, collectors and enthusiasts or booksellers, most of the paintings and calligraphy works are calligraphy and painting heart except a few of them have been mounted. There is a problem of how to preserve it correctly.
Do not fold and store
The works sold or presented by calligraphers and painters are often folded into specially printed envelopes, and the paintings and calligraphy hearts sold in galleries are often "packaged" in this form. And those who buy calligraphy and painting or accept calligraphy and painting are also used to storing in this form of packaging. Thirty years ago, I visited a friend of a calligraphy and painting collector. He took his collection and let me enjoy it. I saw several stacks of envelopes on the desk. Each piece of work was folded and put in an envelope. On the envelope, the author's name, the name and size of the work, and the year's share were indicated one by one. Among them, there are many treasures of contemporary people. During the exhibition, my friend asked me with pride, "do you think I pay attention to my paintings?" The author was silent for a long time and replied, "you are too careless about your painting. My friend was shocked. So I took out a piece of work and looked at it with him in the light. I saw that the creases of the work were already" transparent ". I spread the work on a layer of white paper and found that the creases were slightly blackened. Friends after watching heartache, regret should not be so "fastidious"! It is only an expedient measure to fold, sell or present the paintings and calligraphy. Once the works are in the hands of the collectors, they should be collected and stored in a protective and reasonable way. If you continue to fold and store, and often take out the display, a few years will appear above damage the paper painting phenomenon. In particular, fragile and mature paper calligraphy and painting works, this is more harmful, some of the creases completely broken or appear crisp.
Volume storage is the most feasible method
First of all, the heart of calligraphy and painting should be classified according to the size of the format, and those with roughly the same specifications should be put together, and 20-30 pieces should be taken as a copy, and the registration should be made. Each painting and calligraphy center is lined with a layer of rice paper or leather paper with a slightly larger size to prevent ink color from permeating into each other. Take the newspaper volume as the heart, roll up the calligraphy and painting, do not make its format roll out of wrinkles. Then they are wrapped with rice paper or newspaper, put into plastic bags and placed in painting boxes or painting boxes. This is the "volume storage" method, which is a conventional method to store the heart of calligraphy and painting. There is also a method of "exhibition and storage", that is, the calligraphy and painting heart is laid on the chopping board (a layer of rice paper should be padded under each painting and calligraphy heart), with large size in the bottom and small size on the top, and several layers of newspaper or plastic film are covered on the top, and attention should be paid not to press heavy objects. The exhibition method is only applicable to the calligraphy and painting heart with the size of less than four feet, and the volume storage method is suitable for large format calligraphy and painting heart. Large painting and calligraphy heart, such as seven foot, eight foot, Zhang two, Zhang six, or the combination of multiple pieces of painting and calligraphy heart, should not be folded and stored. It can be rolled up and wrapped tightly and placed above the bookcase or wardrobe, or hung on the wall with a rope.
It is not suitable to store it with care
"Supporting the heart" is a term used in the mounting process of calligraphy and painting, that is, a layer of rice paper is held together with a layer of paste on the back of the heart of calligraphy and painting, which is the first process of mounting calligraphy and painting. It is not suitable to store calligraphy and painting in the center. Once the center is held, the thickness and hardness of the painting and calligraphy will be increased. If the calligraphy and painting are frequently displayed or photographed, it is easy to cause creases in the format, which is very harmful to the quality of calligraphy and painting. When mounting in the future, the backing paper must be removed to restore the core, which is detrimental to the life of calligraphy and painting. However, some calligraphers and collectors put their paintings and calligraphy to heart for exhibition, collection and publication, and then failed to mount them in time. In this case, it is safe to adopt the method of "encouraging exhibition and preservation". Or use the method of "volume storage", tightly pack and seal up, do not press other things. It is not appropriate to open the books and paintings for exhibition or take photos before mounting.
Preservation period of calligraphy and painting heart
It is more convenient and easy to preserve the heart of calligraphy and painting than to preserve the mounting of calligraphy and painting, and does not need to occupy a large space. However, the preservation time of calligraphy and painting heart is also limited. If it is preserved in a proper way and placed in a proper place, the calligraphy and painting heart made of ordinary Xuan paper will not be a big problem for 50 years. The heart of painting and calligraphy of leather paper will not be broken up until 80 years. However, the calligraphy and painting heart of some alum Xuan, alum silk, fragile thin cotton strips and bamboo paper, as well as the mature paper should be put into mounting in time, and can not be preserved for a long time.
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