The goal of mounting Chinese painting and calligraphy can be summarized into three categories: volume, axis and volume. These patterns according to the shape rules of paintings are the mounting shape. The different mounting styles in each category are also called product style or mounting style. Even in the same form, there are also relatively independent mounting methods, such as couplets of axes, screen strips and so on. In addition, there are not classified Hengpi, Jingxin, etc.
1. Vertical axis for mounting calligraphy and painting
Vertical axis is also called hanging axis, hanging width, Tiao width, vertical width, Tiaoshan, and axis; some people who are extremely narrow call it "Qin Tiao". The large-scale calligraphy and painting hanging in the center of the hall is also called the "middle hall".
Because of the former history and other reasons, as well as the influence of people's appreciation of habits. The vertical shaft has become the most popular and the most popular type of installation.
The most common traditional styles of vertical axis are: one color, two color, three color, song style (Xuanhe), Shitang style, half silk style, paper inlaid silk style, silk inlaid silk style, brocade style, brocade eyebrow style, distance one color, frame two color style, axis style
2. Painting and calligraphy mounting Mirror Heart
The lens core is also called lens. It's named after the clip in the frame. It belongs to the same type as the early screen paintings and the "tieluo" (a simple mounting piece on the walls of the palace) of the Qing Dynasty. Both horizontal and vertical styles are acceptable. It is a simple and convenient installation.
3. Calligraphy and painting mounting horizontal scroll
Horizontal banners are also called horizontal hanging. It's horizontal. Banners solve the problem that banners are not convenient for painting and calligraphy.
4. Mounting scroll of calligraphy and painting
Scroll is also called hand scroll, horizontal scroll, scroll, horizontal scroll, horizontal view, hand scroll, scroll and line view. Horizontal decoration is an old way of decoration. The volume of the scroll is small, light and suitable for preservation. But it can only be placed flat on the desk, which is not convenient to hang.
The scroll is composed of the top of the sky, the top of the water, the beginning and the end of the painting. Although the installation styles are different, the requirements and standards of various parts are basically the same.
The reels are usually divided into: edge bump, edge turn, edge cover and back roll.
5. Mounting album of calligraphy and painting
Album is also called leaf. It is a kind of binding style influenced by book binding.
The styles of album decoration are mainly divided into: Butterfly decoration, canopy decoration, folding decoration, flat opening album, edge turning album, etc. However, there are no more than two types.
6. Calligraphy and painting mounting couplet
Couplets are also called couplets, door couplets, character couplets, book couplets, couplets, door couplets and couplets. The double president sentence is also called Longmen Union.
Couplets are composed of two calligraphy works with the same number of words, the same content, and the same standard of painting and mounting. It is also called the left couplet. The second one is the deputy.
7. Painting and calligraphy mounting screen
Screen is also called fan screen, screen □ (the word above is "household" department, below is "clothing" Department). They are called Kang screen, lying screen, hanging screen and imperial screen (referring to the screens used in palaces) according to the different environments. Originally used for shelter, decoration of useful things, known as the screen. The front is pasted with silk paintings. On the basis of the vertical axis, the screen bar is an independent installation type which connects the vertical pattern with the characteristics of the screen and takes the set or group as the unit. Screen is mainly divided into screen bar and Tong Jing screen.