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字画批发分析书画装裱的品式及形制

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2021-04-01 14:30:47    

中国书画装裱的目标,可归纳为卷、轴、册三大类,这些按照画件形体规则的样式即为装裱形制。而每一类中不一样的装裱样式又称品式或装式。便是同一形制中,也还有相对独立的装裱方式,如轴类之对联、屏条等。别的,尚有暂不归类的横披、镜心等。
The goal of mounting Chinese painting and calligraphy can be summarized into three categories: volume, axis and volume. These patterns according to the shape rules of paintings are the mounting shape. The different mounting styles in each category are also called product style or mounting style. Even in the same form, there are also relatively independent mounting methods, such as couplets of axes, screen strips and so on. In addition, there are not classified Hengpi, Jingxin, etc.
1、书画装裱立轴
1. Vertical axis for mounting calligraphy and painting
立轴亦称挂轴、挂幅、条幅、竖幅、条山、轴子;格外窄的有人称其为“琴条”。悬挂在厅堂正中的大幅书画还称“中堂”。
Vertical axis is also called hanging axis, hanging width, Tiao width, vertical width, Tiaoshan, and axis; some people who are extremely narrow call it "Qin Tiao". The large-scale calligraphy and painting hanging in the center of the hall is also called the "middle hall".
由于前史等缘由,以及大家赏识习气的影响背等。,立轴成了更遍及、样式更多的一种装式。
Because of the former history and other reasons, as well as the influence of people's appreciation of habits. The vertical shaft has become the most popular and the most popular type of installation.
立轴多见的传统装式有:一色装、二色装、三色装、宋式(宣和)装、诗堂装、半绫装、纸镶绫边装、绫镶绢边装、集锦装、锦眉装、距离一色装、框二色装、轴
The most common traditional styles of vertical axis are: one color, two color, three color, song style (Xuanhe), Shitang style, half silk style, paper inlaid silk style, silk inlaid silk style, brocade style, brocade eyebrow style, distance one color, frame two color style, axis style
2、书画装裱镜心
2. Painting and calligraphy mounting Mirror Heart
镜心亦称镜片。以夹放在镜框内而得名。与早期的屏风画,以及清宫的“贴落”(一种贴在宫殿墙壁上的简便裱件)同属一种类型。横、竖式皆可。是一种简便、便利的装式。
The lens core is also called lens. It's named after the clip in the frame. It belongs to the same type as the early screen paintings and the "tieluo" (a simple mounting piece on the walls of the palace) of the Qing Dynasty. Both horizontal and vertical styles are acceptable. It is a simple and convenient installation.
3、书画装裱横批
3. Calligraphy and painting mounting horizontal scroll
横批亦称横挂。横式装。横批解决了横幅书画不方便张挂的对立。
Horizontal banners are also called horizontal hanging. It's horizontal. Banners solve the problem that banners are not convenient for painting and calligraphy.
4、书画装裱卷轴
4. Mounting scroll of calligraphy and painting
卷轴亦称手卷、横卷、轴卷、横轴、横看、手轴、卷子、行看子。横式装,是一种陈旧的装修方式。卷轴体积较小,轻盈且宜保藏。但只能平放案头,不方便张挂。
Scroll is also called hand scroll, horizontal scroll, scroll, horizontal scroll, horizontal view, hand scroll, scroll and line view. Horizontal decoration is an old way of decoration. The volume of the scroll is small, light and suitable for preservation. But it can only be placed flat on the desk, which is not convenient to hang.
卷轴是由天头、隔水、引首、尾子将画心衔接而成的。其装式虽有所不一样,但各部位的需求、标准基本是共同的。
The scroll is composed of the top of the sky, the top of the water, the beginning and the end of the painting. Although the installation styles are different, the requirements and standards of various parts are basically the same.
卷轴通常分为:撞边卷、转边卷、套边卷和卷背。
The reels are usually divided into: edge bump, edge turn, edge cover and back roll.
5、书画装裱册页
5. Mounting album of calligraphy and painting
册页亦称叶子。是受书籍装帧影响而发生的一种装式。
Album is also called leaf. It is a kind of binding style influenced by book binding.
册页的装式首要分为:蝴蝶装、推篷装、经折装、平开册页、转边册页等。但无论有几种,均不外乎反正两种类型。
The styles of album decoration are mainly divided into: Butterfly decoration, canopy decoration, folding decoration, flat opening album, edge turning album, etc. However, there are no more than two types.
6、书画装裱对联
6. Calligraphy and painting mounting couplet
对联亦称楹联、门联、字联、书联、对子、门对、楹贴。双行长句还称龙门联。
Couplets are also called couplets, door couplets, character couplets, book couplets, couplets, door couplets and couplets. The double president sentence is also called Longmen Union.
对联是由二条字数持平、内容相连、画心尺度与装裱标准完全相同的书法作品而组合的。排挂时,右为上联(亦称出句),左为下联(亦称对句)。二条为依副。
Couplets are composed of two calligraphy works with the same number of words, the same content, and the same standard of painting and mounting. It is also called the left couplet. The second one is the deputy.
7、书画装裱屏
7. Painting and calligraphy mounting screen
屏亦称扇屏、屏□(此字上为“户”部,下为“衣”部)。并以张挂的不一样环境,称其炕屏、卧屏、吊屏及御屏(指用于宫殿的屏风)。原为用于遮挡、装修的有用物,通称屏风。其正面张贴绢画。而屏条是在立轴的基础上,将竖幅方式与屏风相连的特色联系在一起的、以套或组为单位的独立装式。 屏首要分为屏条和通景屏。
Screen is also called fan screen, screen □ (the word above is "household" department, below is "clothing" Department). They are called Kang screen, lying screen, hanging screen and imperial screen (referring to the screens used in palaces) according to the different environments. Originally used for shelter, decoration of useful things, known as the screen. The front is pasted with silk paintings. On the basis of the vertical axis, the screen bar is an independent installation type which connects the vertical pattern with the characteristics of the screen and takes the set or group as the unit. Screen is mainly divided into screen bar and Tong Jing screen.