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国画山水和西方风景画有什么区别?

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2021-04-20 14:51:19    

国画山水和西方风景画有什么区别?这两种表现相同的对象却采用不同的表现手法的艺术形式,在世界艺术宝库中占有极其重要的地位。它们分别处在两种不同的文明当中,不管是在东方古老璀璨的历史和文化中,还是在古希腊及罗马的巨大艺术成就中,这两种艺术的审美价值都是人类发展的宝贵遗产。
What is the difference between Chinese landscape painting and Western landscape painting? These two kinds of art forms which express the same objects but adopt different ways of expression occupy an extremely important position in the world art treasure house. They are in two different civilizations, no matter in the ancient and splendid history and culture of the East, or in the great artistic achievements of ancient Greece and Rome, the aesthetic value of these two kinds of art are precious heritage of human development.
二者之间的异同的比较,有助于两种伟大艺术的交流和发展。不管那一种艺术只有相互交融和吸收才能获得更强的生命力。
The comparison of the similarities and differences between the two is conducive to the exchange and development of the two great arts. No matter what kind of art, only by blending and absorbing each other can we get stronger vitality.
所以,我们就以东方艺术的一个代表——中国山水画,与西方文化的一个支流同样也是影响巨大的——风景画进行比较,看看中西方艺术之间的差异以及各自所取得的巨大成就。
So, let's compare the Chinese landscape painting, a representative of Oriental Art, with the landscape painting, a tributary of western culture, which also has a great influence, to see the differences between Chinese and Western art and their great achievements.
1、造型手段不同
1. Different modeling methods
中国画的造型手段是“线”。通过在创作中积累出的各种不同的“线”,抒写自己的胸怀,抒写心中独有的山川。“线”在中国画家的笔下有极深刻的含义,往往是将许多繁复的事物,仅仅通过几条富有生命力的“线”表达出来。
The modeling method of Chinese painting is "line". Through a variety of different "lines" accumulated in the creation, I express my mind and the unique mountains and rivers in my heart. "Line" has a very profound meaning in the works of Chinese painters. It often expresses many complicated things only through a few "lines" with vitality.
西方风景画的湖光山色都是由一个一个的“面”组成,通过对“面”的使用增强画面的体积感和真实感,因此西方风景画仿佛比中国山水画要厚重,也就比中国山水画更接近于现实生活中的自然景观。
Western landscape paintings are composed of "faces" one by one. The use of "faces" enhances the sense of volume and reality of the picture. Therefore, western landscape paintings seem to be heavier than Chinese landscape paintings, which is closer to the natural landscape in real life than Chinese landscape paintings.
2、造型特点不同
2. Different modeling features
中国画在造型上提倡不拘于形似甚至“妙在似与不似之间”,是中国画又一突出特点。中国画的对形象的塑造是为了作者的抒情达意,所以中国画家敢于舍弃对象外在的形态,敢于为了强化作者感情的表达而进行一些恰到好处的艺术夸张。
Another prominent feature of Chinese painting is that it advocates not sticking to the resemblance of shape, or even "between resemblance and dissimilarity". The image building of Chinese painting is for the lyric expression of the author, so Chinese painters dare to abandon the external form of the object, dare to carry out some appropriate artistic exaggeration in order to strengthen the expression of the author's feelings.
西方风景画家在作品的造型上贯彻自己的美学思想,充分利用油画的特性极力展现大自然的瑰丽。西方风景画家的笔下的景物就有了具体的命名,当然这与中国画家笔下命名的山水不尽相同,他们所创作的作品更接近自然,而不是单纯为了对象的“神”,而对对象的“形”有所忽略。
Western landscape painters carry out their own aesthetic ideas in the modeling of their works, make full use of the characteristics of oil painting, and strive to show the beauty of nature. Western landscape painters have a specific name for the scenery. Of course, this is not the same as Chinese landscape painters. Their works are closer to nature, not just for the "spirit" of the object, but for the "shape" of the object.