1. Guests and hosts
In a painting, it is necessary to focus on describing and at the center of the picture, that is, the "master". The environment, the foil and the echo part are the "guests", so that they can not compete with each other.
2. False and Real
There are peaks, stones, trees and trees in the painting as "solid", while smoke, clouds and water are "virtual". Practical use of heavy and dense pen, empty is light and light.
The scenery should be scattered, dense and rhythmic. One of the important principles of composition is "to be sparse but not ventilated".
The trees in the picture vary in height from side to side, or break the parallel branches with the horizontal branches, or move through the straight mountains and trees with the cross-flow of clouds and smoke to enrich the picture.
Trees, mountains and rocks should look left and right, and the scenery should correspond to each other.
Mountains or trees in nature are affected by objective conditions, sometimes tilting in a certain direction, forming a trend. It can increase the vividness of the picture if used properly.
7. Dragon Vein
Mountains of the same direction are called mountains, commonly known as dragon veins. In painting, full attention should be paid to the change of the direction of the Dragon vein, which can make the mountain momentum continuous.
8. Opening and closing
This is the way to arrange the position on the screen. The opening is the expansion of the position, the expansion of the position, the closure of the position and the tightening of the position. Opening and closing should be skillfully used.
Composition should pay attention to the relationship of choice and tailoring, guest-host response, consideration and combination, density and appropriateness, opening and closing appropriately, distance and proximity levels, size matching, high and low scattering, etc. These relations are more specific and difficult to operate, and must be explored and mastered by the artist himself. Therefore, the general requirement of composition here is that the picture should be coordinated, unified and graceful, so that the world can see (rivers and rivers) well. It is absolutely necessary to avoid full paper and no blank at all. The blank is called blank, which is a heavy part of landscape painting. To rule, Chinese painting pays attention to the fact that it can't be written, that the blank space is handled properly, and that silence is more effective than sound.
Composition is the key to the aesthetic sensibility of the whole painting, which should not be ignored. In order to illustrate the image, the following list of three-view composition method, three-layer composition method, Three-Far composition method and multi-angle composition model, such as the following, of which the Three-Far composition method has been described in the previous, not to repeat.
Three-view composition refers to the overall layout of the picture, which is usually composed of three parts: main scenic area, attached scenic area and matching scenic area. The main scene is mainly composed of rocks or trees, which occupies an important position in the picture. Affiliated scenery is also made up of rocks, trees, etc., but the location is attached, and the occupied picture should be less than or less than the main scene. The scenery is usually composed of distant mountains, clouds, water waves, characters, cars, boats, jungles, etc. It mainly plays an embellishing role in the picture, sometimes without the scenery.