I. Ink Color
Ink was originally a monochrome, but because Chinese paintings use ink as a color, so there is the theory of ink color, meaning is that the beauty of ink simply contains the glory of all things. Black and white are the contrast of brightness. When black and white are properly contrasted, the picture will be bright. Thick and light are the contrast of dark stairs, and wet is the contrast of water. By contrast, ink has a coloured light.
II. Mohist Stage
The level change of ink color from strong to light is called Modai. Similar to color scale and scale. The ink steps can be roughly divided into five steps: coke, thick, heavy, light and light. Thick, non-water-mixed ink is coke ink; with a small amount of water, the concentration is second only to coke ink, which is thick ink; with a third of the water, heavy ink; water beyond the ink, is light ink; with a very small amount of ink in the water, it is clear ink. In the practice of painting, the ink dividend can be divided into finer levels. The role of ink scale is related to the color level and tone of the picture. It is called high-key because of its few layers and strong contrast. It is called low-key because of its many layers and mild and rich picture. The use of tune should be adjusted according to the detailed requirements of the picture.
Different disposal methods of ink produce different quality changes called ink quality. It can be divided into five categories: Xin, Jiao, Su, Tui and Ai. The newly milled thick ink is immediately used as the new ink. Grinded thick ink, put in the inkstone platform half a day later, moisture has a certain volatilization, called coke ink. Put the ink for more than one day to make the water more volatile. It is called Sumo ink. Because of local degumming, Sumo ink has a smooth brush and a pure ink color, but its gloss is poor. After several days of placing the ink, most of the glue in the ink is removed, the carbon powder precipitates seriously, the particles are rough and the gloss is worse, but the ink is thick and the brush marks are distinct. Emerald ink is the ink in the inkstone after long-term drying, and then soaked with water, rough ink, generally not easy to use, but in some special effects can also be used.
About the different disposal of ink, the change of color is called ink. It can be divided into five types: dry, moist, wet and lixiviating. Different ink properties can express different images and expressions. Such as dry and wet, rough and bright, aging and tenderness. Dry ink is commonly used in perennial ink. Dry ink is suitable for expressing old people's withered skin and rough clothing. Dry ink can be divided into thick and light dry, whether thick or weak, the water in the pen as far as possible to absorb, when using the pen will appear white, suitable for the performance of characters'hair, rocks, trunks and so on.
Moistening ink is suitable for drying and wetting. This kind of non-drying and non-wetting ink has a slight feeling of watery halo when using pen and has a wide range of applications. The wet ink finger pen is saturated with water. When the pen is running, the water naturally seeps into the paper. The ink marks have obvious ink halo, which is suitable for the performance of bright objects. Li ink is water-vapor ink, suitable for large-scale rendering, performance of smoke, water, etc. If ink is used improperly, it will destroy the effect of the picture, too dry will have no charm; too wet will have no backbone; too dry will be dull; too wet will be cowardly and without texture.
V. Mohist Method
There are many experiences in the use of ink. In summary, there are seven main methods: dense ink method, light ink method, coke ink method, sumo ink method, breaking ink method, accumulated ink method and splashing ink method, so ink method can not be separated from the use of water. In practice, the use of the seven methods of ink is a result of the different blending and application of ink and water.
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