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书画鉴定的重要两种因素是什么?

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2021-06-08 17:54:49    

1、正确掌握各种表现技法的基本特征。熟悉了解书画艺术的发展历史,一是为了理清书画艺术的演变脉络,二是为了掌握书画艺术的各种表现技法的基本特征打下扎实基础。鉴赏书画,很终是要识别其艺术特色和艺术价值为主要目的的。书画艺术有哪些表现技法,这些技法的基本特征又是什么?如作者的笔墨主要特点、技巧,用笔的质量,笔墨的力度、速度,设色习惯、特色等等。在书画鉴赏时必须要非常清楚的。
1. Correctly grasp the basic characteristics of various performance techniques. To be familiar with the development history of painting and calligraphy, one is to clarify the evolution of painting and calligraphy, and the other is to lay a solid foundation for mastering the basic characteristics of various performance techniques of painting and calligraphy. The main purpose of appreciating calligraphy and painting is to recognize its artistic characteristics and value. What are the performance techniques of painting and calligraphy, and what are the basic characteristics of these techniques? Such as the main characteristics and skills of the author's pen and ink, the quality of the pen, the strength and speed of the pen and ink, the habits and characteristics of color setting, etc. In the appreciation of calligraphy and painting must be very clear.
2、练习书画技艺,提高对各种风格和技法的感性认识。为了牢固掌握历代书画家们的不同艺术风格,须通过练习书画技艺,临习不同的代表性作品,来熟记不同时代的代表性书画家们的创作特点,对这些创作特点,要进行仔细的分析研究,做到烂熟于心。要多看多记不同书画家的真迹作品,凡是真迹,都有书画家的本来真实面目,这个本来真实面目,就是他们在布局、用笔、设色、款识等方面的习惯。只有这样,当遇到自已熟悉的书画家作品时,其真伪优劣,就很快能鉴别出来了。
2. Practice calligraphy and painting skills, improve the perceptual knowledge of various styles and techniques. In order to firmly grasp the different artistic styles of the calligraphers and painters of the past dynasties, we must practice the skills of calligraphy and painting, learn different representative works, and memorize the creative characteristics of the representative calligraphers and painters of different times. We should carefully analyze and study these creative characteristics, so as to be thoroughly familiar with them. We should read and remember more authentic works of different calligraphers and painters. All authentic works have the true features of calligraphers and painters, which are their habits in layout, pen, color and style. Only in this way, when you come across the works of calligraphers and painters you are familiar with, you can quickly identify their authenticity.
凡善于造假作伪的人,都有一套以假为真的方法,有些手段高明的作伪者,简直可以达到乱真的程度,如果我们不深入练习书画技艺,不牢固掌握历代书画家们的不同艺术风格,当遇到以假乱真的伪作时就很难作出正确的判断。
Everyone who is good at making fake has a set of methods to take fake as true. Some skillful forgers can reach the level of authenticity. If we don't practice painting and calligraphy skills in depth and master the different artistic styles of ancient painters and calligraphers, it is difficult to make a correct judgment when we encounter fake.