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国画在色彩使用上的特点

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2021-06-30 16:55:04    

一、中国画上色多从物象已有的本色为基调,而不计较光的影响和变化。尽管有时上色也有浓、淡、干、湿的分别,但这样做的意图不是体现物体的光感而是为了避免整体的呆板,以求得色彩自身有非常多的变化,产生生动活泼的神韵。所以中国画的用色相对来说比较单纯,具有清新明快的特点。
1、 The color of traditional Chinese painting is based on the original color of objects, regardless of the influence and change of light. Although sometimes there are strong, light, dry and wet colors, the intention is not to reflect the light sense of the object, but to avoid the overall inflexibility, in order to get a lot of changes in the color itself and produce a lively charm. Therefore, the use of color in Chinese painting is relatively simple, with the characteristics of fresh and bright.
二,喜用比照激烈的原色。中国人习惯以红、黄、蓝、白、黑为“五原色”,其中以黑与白为主色,“黑白分明”比照激烈。唐、宋的大青绿山水,用大片的石绿、石青画成,用泥金勾勒轮廓,涂染天和水,山间云雾则用白粉堆染,画秋景还用朱砂点出一丛丛丹枫,青山、白云、红树,构成激烈的比照,富丽堂皇,光彩夺目,画面极有感染力。
2、 I like to use the primary colors of contrast. Chinese people are used to taking red, yellow, blue, white and black as the "five primary colors", in which black and white are the main colors, and the contrast between "black and white" is fierce. The great green landscapes of Tang and Song dynasties are painted with large areas of stone green and stone green. They are outlined with mud and gold, painted with sky and water, piled with white powder in the mountains, painted with cinnabar in autumn, and dotted with clumps of red maple, green mountains, white clouds and mangroves, forming a fierce contrast. They are magnificent, dazzling, and very infectious.
三,国画设色常具有画家的主观色彩,甚至抛弃描绘对象自身的色彩。比方竹子,本来是绿色的,而传统的黑竹,却是黑色。苏东坡甚至用朱砂画竹,称为朱竹。人们赏识他的朱竹,只觉得他画的竹子品格洒脱,极有艺术魅力,谁还去计较它的色彩是黑是红呢?这种设色完全是画家爱情的倾泻,具有激烈的感染力。
3、 The color design of traditional Chinese painting often has the subjective color of the painter, and even abandons the color of the object itself. For example, bamboo is originally green, but the traditional black bamboo is black. Su Dongpo even painted bamboo with cinnabar, which is called Zhu Zhu. When people appreciate his bamboo, they only think that his bamboo is free and easy and has great artistic charm. Who cares whether its color is black or red? This kind of color design is the pouring out of the painter's love and has a strong appeal.
四,水和天一般不上色,借用纸的空白来体现。古人所谓“以素为云,借地为雪”,说是这种体现办法。尽管不画云和水,却能体现云水的存在。
4、 Water and sky are not colored in general, which is reflected by the blank of paper. The ancients said that "taking plain as cloud and borrowing land as snow" is the embodiment of this method. Although we don't draw clouds and water, it can reflect the existence of clouds and water.