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书画装裱的品式及形制是如何的?

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2021-09-14 15:51:15    

中国书画装裱的目标,可归纳为卷、轴、册三大类,这些按照画件形体规则的样式即为装裱形制。而每一类中不一样的装裱样式又称品式或装式。便是同一形制中,也还有相对独立的装裱方式,如轴类之对联、屏条等。别的,尚有暂不归类的横披、镜心等。
The goal of Chinese calligraphy and painting mounting can be divided into three categories: volume, shaft and volume. These styles according to the shape rules of paintings are the mounting shape system. Different mounting styles in each category are also called product type or mounting type. Even in the same shape, there are relatively independent mounting methods, such as shaft couplets, screen strips, etc. In addition, there are still horizontal ponchos and mirror hearts that are not classified temporarily.
1、书画装裱立轴
1. Calligraphy and painting mounting vertical shaft
立轴亦称挂轴、挂幅、条幅、竖幅、条山、轴子;格外窄的有人称其为“琴条”。悬挂在厅堂正中的大幅书画还称“中堂”。
Vertical shaft is also called hanging shaft, hanging banner, banner, vertical banner, strip mountain and shaft; Some people call it "Piano Bar". The large calligraphy and painting hanging in the middle of the hall is also called "nave".
国画批发
由于前史等缘由,以及大家赏识习气的影响背等。,立轴成了遍及、样式多的一种装式。
Due to reasons such as previous history and the influence of people's appreciation habits., The vertical shaft has become a universal and multi style installation.
立轴多见的传统装式有:一色装、二色装、三色装、宋式(宣和)装、诗堂装、半绫装、纸镶绫边装、绫镶绢边装、集锦装、锦眉装、距离一色装、框二色装、轴
The traditional styles of vertical axis are: one color, two color, three color, song style (Xuanhe), poetry hall, half silk, paper inlaid silk edge, silk inlaid silk edge, brocade, brocade eyebrow, distance one color, frame two color and axis
2、书画装裱镜心
2. Calligraphy and painting mounting Mirror Heart
镜心亦称镜片。以夹放在镜框内而得名。与早期的屏风画,以及清宫的“贴落”(一种贴在宫殿墙壁上的简便裱件)同属一种类型。横、竖式皆可。是一种简便、便利的装式。
Lens core is also called lens. It is named after being clamped in the frame. It belongs to the same type as the early screen painting and the "paste down" (a simple mounting piece pasted on the palace wall) of the Qing palace. Both horizontal and vertical. It is a simple and convenient installation.
3、书画装裱横批
3. Calligraphy and painting mounting banner
横批亦称横挂。横式装。横批解决了横幅书画不方便张挂的对立。
The horizontal scroll is also called horizontal hanging. Horizontal installation. The banner solves the opposition of inconvenient hanging of banner calligraphy and painting.
4、书画装裱卷轴
4. Calligraphy and painting mounting scroll
卷轴亦称手卷、横卷、轴卷、横轴、横看、手轴、卷子、行看子。横式装,是一种陈旧的装修方式。卷轴体积较小,轻盈且宜保藏。但只能平放案头,不方便张挂。
Scroll is also called hand scroll, horizontal scroll, axial scroll, horizontal scroll, horizontal view, hand scroll, scroll and line view. Horizontal decoration is an old way of decoration. The scroll is small, light and suitable for preservation. But it can only be placed flat on the desk, which is inconvenient to hang.
卷轴是由天头、隔水、引首、尾子将画心衔接而成的。其装式虽有所不一样,但各部位的需求、标准基本是共同的。
The scroll is formed by connecting the painting center with the head of the sky, water separation, foreword and tail. Although the installation type is different, the requirements and standards of each part are basically common.
卷轴通常分为:撞边卷、转边卷、套边卷和卷背。
Reels are usually divided into: side impact roll, side turn roll, edge sleeve roll and back roll.
5、书画装裱册页
5. Calligraphy and painting mounting album
册页亦称叶子。是受书籍装帧影响而发生的一种装式。
The album is also called leaf. It is a kind of binding influenced by book binding.
册页的装式首要分为:蝴蝶装、推篷装、经折装、平开册页、转边册页等。但无论有几种,均不外乎反正两种类型。
The binding style of the album is mainly divided into: Butterfly binding, push canopy binding, warp folding binding, flat opening album, edge turning album, etc. But no matter how many there are, they are no more than two types anyway.
6、书画装裱对联
6. Calligraphy and painting mounted couplet
对联亦称楹联、门联、字联、书联、对子、门对、楹贴。双行长句还称龙门联。
Couplets are also called couplets, door couplets, word couplets, book couplets, couplets, door couplets and couplets. The double president sentence is also called Longmen couplet.
对联是由二条字数持平、内容相连、画心尺度与装裱标准完全相同的书法作品而组合的。排挂时,右为上联(亦称出句),左为下联(亦称对句)。二条为依副。
The couplet is composed of two calligraphy works with the same number of words, connected contents, and the scale of the painting center is exactly the same as the mounting standard. When arranging and hanging, the right is the upper couplet (also known as a sentence) and the left is the lower couplet (also known as a couplet). Article 2 is the vice president.
7、书画装裱屏
7. Calligraphy and painting mounting screen
屏亦称扇屏、屏□(此字上为“户”部,下为“衣”部)。并以张挂的不一样环境,称其炕屏、卧屏、吊屏及御屏(指用于宫殿的屏风)。原为用于遮挡、装修的有用物,通称屏风。其正面张贴绢画。而屏条是在立轴的基础上,将竖幅方式与屏风相连的特色联系在一起的、以套或组为单位的独立装式。屏首要分为屏条和通景屏。
Screen is also called fan screen and screen □ (this word is "household" department above and "clothing" department below). It is also called Kang screen, lying screen, hanging screen and imperial screen (referring to the screen used in the palace) in different environments. It was originally a useful object for shelter and decoration, commonly known as screen. Silk paintings are posted on the front. The screen strip is an independent installation based on the vertical axis, which connects the vertical mode with the characteristics of the screen, and takes the set or group as the unit. The screen is mainly divided into screen bar and general view screen.