Appreciating ancient paintings is not only a kind of enjoyment, but also a kind of learning. We can learn about history from ancient paintings. There are some problems that can not be solved by historical records, but we can find clues in ancient paintings to make up for the lack of historical records. Ancient Chinese painting is an important part of Chinese civilization.
During the period of Wei, Jin, southern and Northern Dynasties, there appeared such outstanding painters as Gu Kaizhi and Zhan Ziqian. One of the most famous paintings is Gu Kaizhi's Ode to Luoshen, which depicts Cao Zhi's encounter with Luoshen Mifei in Luoshui when he returned to the east from the capital Luoshui. However, the love between man and God cannot be realized in this world. Finally, Mi Fei disappeared in the vast Luoshui, surrounded by gods, leaving Cao Zhi alone on the Bank of Luojiang river. Gu Kaizhi is not far from Cao Zhi. Under the influence of the same spirit of the times, he created "Luoshen Fu", fully grasping the charm of Cao Zhi's "Luoshen Fu" and the spiritual temperament of the characters.
Tang Dynasty is an extremely brilliant era. With its vast territory, developed economy and open culture, the development of art at that time gained a very unique soil. Yan Liben, Wu Daozi, Zhou Fang, Zhang Xuan and other famous figure painters in history are all the figure painters in that period. Through their works, we can still see the life spirit of people in that era.
Although the Five Dynasties and ten countries lasted only 50 years, they were in great turbulence, but due to the continuity of the Tang Dynasty culture, painting has made a very important development. For example, in landscape painting, Jing Hao, Guan Tong, Dong Yuan and Ju ran are giants. Jing Hao was born in the late Tang Dynasty and grew up in five generations. Although Wang Wei, Zhang Zao and other figures have always impressed the landscape painting of this period, the style is still the green landscape world of that era. The appearance of Jinghao changed this situation. Due to the chaos of the Five Dynasties, Jinghao lived in seclusion in the flood valley of Taihang Mountain. He also called himself a flood millet. During his seclusion, Jinghao reached the pinnacle of his art.
Huizong of Song Dynasty was also an outstanding painter at that time. As emperor, he failed. However, he is a versatile literary and artistic genius. The Xuanhe painting academy he founded has created a large number of highly skilled painters, such as Wang Ximeng, a young talent, Zhang Zeduan, the author of the riverside painting in the Qingming Dynasty, Li Tang, a pioneer in the Southern Song Dynasty. Even in the imperial examination, he added painting to the course, which was a sudden and unprecedented innovation, and also made the position of the painter get an unprecedented improvement. He collected and preserved a large number of calligraphy and painting works left by the people, presided over the compilation of "Xuanhe painting manual" and "Xuanhe calligraphy manual", which provided valuable information for future generations to study the history of calligraphy and painting. It can be said that Huizong did not make any contribution to the prosperity of the painting academy in the Northern Song Dynasty.
The Yuan Dynasty is the longest Dynasty in history when ethnic minorities occupied the Central Plains. Although productivity is not as good as Song Dynasty, culture is more open and inclusive. Seeing that their future is dim, most of the literati of Han Dynasty have gone to the mountains and forests to relieve their boredom with poems and paintings. Zhao Meng's "map of magpie China in autumn", "Huang Gongwang, the" nine peaks after snow "and Nizan's representative of" fishing zhuangqiuji map "
The Ming Dynasty lasted nearly three hundred years. Monarchy, economic prosperity and the introduction of European culture had a profound impact on the development of Chinese painting. Shen Zhou, Wen Zhengming and others have great differences in the style of landscape painting. Qiu Ying, Chen Hongshou and others have their own characteristics in figure painting, and Chen Chun, Xu Wei and others have their own characteristics in flower and bird painting.
Qing Dynasty is a period from feudal society to modern society in China, landscape painting, flower and bird painting, figure painting have made great achievements. "Four monks" express their spirit in landscape painting in a unique way, while "four kings" advocate archaize, echoing the retro style of the literary world.
Sometimes images are more powerful than words. They present rich information to people in an intuitive way. Let's go through thousands of years to appreciate the ancient people's life style and taste in ancient painting, and appreciate the great beauty of Chinese landscape.
According to the introduction, "how to read an ancient Chinese painting" is a book that combs ancient Chinese landscape painting, figure painting, flower and bird painting with the clue of art history, and collects the representative works of major painters from Wei Jin to Qing Dynasty. With the lyricism of prose and the life and personality of painters, through the appearance of painting, the author makes readers understand the spiritual connotation of painting and discover the profundity and profundity of Chinese traditional culture.
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