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字画批发网教你如何欣赏古画

发布人:http://www.hzzhpf.com    发布时间:2019-11-28 13:29:11    

  欣赏古画是一种享受,也是一种学习。我们可以从古代绘画中了解历史。有些问题是史书无法解答的,但我们可以在古画中找到线索,以弥补史书记载的不足。中国古代绘画是中华文明的重要组成部分。
  Appreciating ancient paintings is not only a kind of enjoyment, but also a kind of learning. We can learn about history from ancient paintings. There are some problems that can not be solved by historical records, but we can find clues in ancient paintings to make up for the lack of historical records. Ancient Chinese painting is an important part of Chinese civilization.
  魏晋南北朝时期,出现了顾恺之、湛子潜等杰出画家。其中比较著名的一幅画是顾恺之的《洛神赋》,描绘了曹植从都城罗水回东范时,在罗水偶遇洛神米非。然而,人与上帝之间的爱在这个世界上是无法实现的。更后,糜飞消失在茫茫的罗水中,被众神围绕,只留下曹植一个人在罗江岸边。顾恺之离曹植不远。在同样的时代精神的影响下,他创作了《洛神赋》,充分把握了曹植《洛神赋》的神韵和人物的精神气质。
字画批发网教你如何欣赏古画
  During the period of Wei, Jin, southern and Northern Dynasties, there appeared such outstanding painters as Gu Kaizhi and Zhan Ziqian. One of the most famous paintings is Gu Kaizhi's Ode to Luoshen, which depicts Cao Zhi's encounter with Luoshen Mifei in Luoshui when he returned to the east from the capital Luoshui. However, the love between man and God cannot be realized in this world. Finally, Mi Fei disappeared in the vast Luoshui, surrounded by gods, leaving Cao Zhi alone on the Bank of Luojiang river. Gu Kaizhi is not far from Cao Zhi. Under the influence of the same spirit of the times, he created "Luoshen Fu", fully grasping the charm of Cao Zhi's "Luoshen Fu" and the spiritual temperament of the characters.
  唐朝是一个极其辉煌的时代。幅员辽阔,经济发达,文化开放,使当时的艺术发展获得了非常独特的土壤。阎立本、吴道子、周昉、张悬等历史上著名的人物画画家都是那个时期出现的人物画大师。通过他们的作品,我们仍然可以看到那个时代人们的生活精神。
  Tang Dynasty is an extremely brilliant era. With its vast territory, developed economy and open culture, the development of art at that time gained a very unique soil. Yan Liben, Wu Daozi, Zhou Fang, Zhang Xuan and other famous figure painters in history are all the figure painters in that period. Through their works, we can still see the life spirit of people in that era.
  虽然五代十国只持续了50年,处于极大的动荡之中,但由于唐朝文化的延续,绘画取得了非常重要的发展。例如,在山水画中,景好、管统、董源和菊然是巨人。景浩出生在唐朝末期,成长于五代。这一时期的山水画,虽然一直被王维、张藻等人物所传神,但风格仍然是那个时代的绿色山水世界。景浩的出现,改变了这一局面。由于五代的混乱,景豪隐居在太行山的洪水谷中。他还称自己为洪水粟。在隐居期间,景豪达到了他艺术的顶峰。
  Although the Five Dynasties and ten countries lasted only 50 years, they were in great turbulence, but due to the continuity of the Tang Dynasty culture, painting has made a very important development. For example, in landscape painting, Jing Hao, Guan Tong, Dong Yuan and Ju ran are giants. Jing Hao was born in the late Tang Dynasty and grew up in five generations. Although Wang Wei, Zhang Zao and other figures have always impressed the landscape painting of this period, the style is still the green landscape world of that era. The appearance of Jinghao changed this situation. Due to the chaos of the Five Dynasties, Jinghao lived in seclusion in the flood valley of Taihang Mountain. He also called himself a flood millet. During his seclusion, Jinghao reached the pinnacle of his art.
  宋徽宗也是当时一位杰出的画家。作为皇帝,他失败了。然而,他却是一个多才多艺的文学艺术天才。他创办的宣河画院,造就了一大批技艺高超的画家,如青年才子王希孟、《清明上河图》的作者张泽端、南宋画坛的先驱李唐等。甚至在科举考试中,他还在课程中加入了绘画,这是一种突如其来的、前所未有的创新,也使画家的地位得到了前所未有的提高。他收集和保存了大量民间遗落的书画作品,主持编纂了《宣和画谱》和《宣和书法谱》,为后人研究书画史提供了宝贵的资料。可以说,北宋时期徽宗对北宋画院的繁荣没有任何贡献。
  Huizong of Song Dynasty was also an outstanding painter at that time. As emperor, he failed. However, he is a versatile literary and artistic genius. The Xuanhe painting academy he founded has created a large number of highly skilled painters, such as Wang Ximeng, a young talent, Zhang Zeduan, the author of the riverside painting in the Qingming Dynasty, Li Tang, a pioneer in the Southern Song Dynasty. Even in the imperial examination, he added painting to the course, which was a sudden and unprecedented innovation, and also made the position of the painter get an unprecedented improvement. He collected and preserved a large number of calligraphy and painting works left by the people, presided over the compilation of "Xuanhe painting manual" and "Xuanhe calligraphy manual", which provided valuable information for future generations to study the history of calligraphy and painting. It can be said that Huizong did not make any contribution to the prosperity of the painting academy in the Northern Song Dynasty.
  元朝是历史上少数民族占领中原时间更长的王朝。虽然生产力不如宋朝,但文化比较开放包容。看到自己的前途渺茫,大多数汉人文人都投奔山林,以诗画解闷。赵孟“秋天喜鹊中国地图”,”“九峰雪霁”黄公望,NiZan“钓鱼ZhuangQiuJi图”的代表
  The Yuan Dynasty is the longest Dynasty in history when ethnic minorities occupied the Central Plains. Although productivity is not as good as Song Dynasty, culture is more open and inclusive. Seeing that their future is dim, most of the literati of Han Dynasty have gone to the mountains and forests to relieve their boredom with poems and paintings. Zhao Meng's "map of magpie China in autumn", "Huang Gongwang, the" nine peaks after snow "and Nizan's representative of" fishing zhuangqiuji map "
  明朝持续了近三百年。君主专制、经济繁荣和欧洲文化的传入对中国画的发展产生了深远的影响。沈周、文正明等人在山水画的风格上有很大的不同,邱莹、陈洪寿等人在人物画上,陈春、徐渭等人在花鸟画上也有独特之处。
  The Ming Dynasty lasted nearly three hundred years. Monarchy, economic prosperity and the introduction of European culture had a profound impact on the development of Chinese painting. Shen Zhou, Wen Zhengming and others have great differences in the style of landscape painting. Qiu Ying, Chen Hongshou and others have their own characteristics in figure painting, and Chen Chun, Xu Wei and others have their own characteristics in flower and bird painting.
  清代是中国从封建社会走向现代社会的时期,山水画、花鸟画、人物画都取得了巨大的成就。“四僧”以独特的方式在山水画中表达自己的精神,而“四王”提倡仿古,与文坛复古的风格相呼应。
  Qing Dynasty is a period from feudal society to modern society in China, landscape painting, flower and bird painting, figure painting have made great achievements. "Four monks" express their spirit in landscape painting in a unique way, while "four kings" advocate archaize, echoing the retro style of the literary world.
  有时图像比文字更有力量。它们以一种直观的方式把丰富的信息呈现给人们。让我们穿越千年,去领略古代绘画中古人的生活方式和情趣感受,领略中国山水的伟大之美。
  Sometimes images are more powerful than words. They present rich information to people in an intuitive way. Let's go through thousands of years to appreciate the ancient people's life style and taste in ancient painting, and appreciate the great beauty of Chinese landscape.
  据介绍,《如何读一幅中国古画》一书以艺术史为线索,对中国古代山水画、人物画、花鸟画进行梳理,汇集了从魏晋到清代的主要画家的代表作品。作者以散文的抒情性,结合画家的生活和个性,通过绘画的出现,让读者了解绘画的精神内涵,发现中国传统文化的博大精深。
  According to the introduction, "how to read an ancient Chinese painting" is a book that combs ancient Chinese landscape painting, figure painting, flower and bird painting with the clue of art history, and collects the representative works of major painters from Wei Jin to Qing Dynasty. With the lyricism of prose and the life and personality of painters, through the appearance of painting, the author makes readers understand the spiritual connotation of painting and discover the profundity and profundity of Chinese traditional culture.
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